The single-stem ''syrinx'' (flute)

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The single-stem ''syrinx'' (flute)

It was a simple wind instrument, forerunner of the flute. It consisted of one long bone, cane, or metal tube, open or closed at one end, with one or more finger-holes. It did not have a reed and the player held it sideways on his lips to the left, and blew directly into its open end.

There was also a variation of this instrument where the blowing was executed from a special hole on the side ("plagiaulos").

SOURCES: "M.L. West, Ancient Greek Music", "Curt Sachs, The History of Musical Instruments", "Julius Pollux, Onomasticon", "Apollodorus, The Library", "Aristotle, (Musical) Problems", "Plutarch, On Music", "Athenaeus of Naucratis, Deipnosophistai", "Theokritos , Bukolika".