EXHIBITS > The textile technology of the ancient Greeks >
Perpendicular Mycenaean loom
(the web of the Penelope)
With details taken from the cup of Chiusi
With the functional details of the warps taken from the crater of Pristicci
With the arrangement of the loomweights taken from the lekythos of New York
It consisted of 4 poles on which a horizontal cylindrical beam (cloth-roller) was fastened. Another cloth-roller was fastened at the mid-bottom of the loom. In order to strain the warps, lead, stone or clay loom weights (plumbs) of pyramidal shape were tied at their bottom.
The interchange of warps was facilitated by the heddles, that is, the loops on the small horizontal cylindrical piece of wood, which the weaver dragged back and forth in turn, so that the stick of yarn (shuttle) would pass through the warps. Weaving took place from bottom to top and the weaved cloth was wrapped around the beam.
SOURCES: The construction was based on iconographical information from 23 different ancient vases which complemented but sometimes also contradicted one another. "John Boardman, Athenian black figure vases", "John Boardman, Athenian red figure vases, the archaic period", "Iris Tzachili, Weaving and weavers in the prehistoric Aegean sea 2000-1000 B.C."