Introduction

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EXHIBITS    >    Measuring instruments, tools and machines of the ancient Greeks    >   

Introduction


Perhaps the safest indicator of technological progress in every civilisation is the possession and the reliability of its measuring instruments. With their use, the practical technique and science achieve a two-way and productive connection. The Greeks invented numerous accurate measuring instruments such as the clinometre, the dioptre, the goniometre, the astrolabes, the road metre, etc. which made way for the development of all sciences from engineering to astronomy. Their distant travels, the exact calculation of the earth’s diametre and the earth-sun distance and their amazing constructions are the results of the above.

Furthermore, with the invention of numerous specialised tools and the Greek incomparable aesthetics, they carved the miraculous wonder of the ancient Greek world.

Finally, the invention of remarkable machines such as, the coil cutting lathe, the pantograph, etc. led in turn to the development of a multitude of complex mechanisms, instruments and machines.